Stratification of both Aquatic and Terrestrial Communities

in Light

Aquatic and terrestrial physical environments in which organisms live are very different. They each face their own problems according to their habitats the water, air and light affect each one differently.

Communities have a noticeable vertical structure for examples on land plants are the ones that determine vertical structure of the community. The reason for this is the plants branching patterns, leaves and their size. Light is crucial to the plant community it provides physical structure and it helps the different animal species.

The canopy in the forest is what captures the solar energy and this plays a big factor on the life of the forest. An open canopy the light is able to reach the lower layers of the forest, so bushes and small trees are able to develop. A closed canopy the light cannot reach the lower layers making it hard for plants to grow. The light in the forest determines what kind of plants grow and the plants determine what kind of animals are there. Light is important to the forest for all plants and species to grow and have food.

The aquatic community like lakes and oceans stratification is determined by light, temperature and oxygen. There is plenty of light so the plants are the ones that are dominated. The aquatic has three layers and the top layer is the where photosynthesis occurs. Photosynthesis is what the plants use to create their food.

The aquatic and the terrestrial communities have many things in common. They also so have differences, such as the aquatic have organisms that are a primary producer of their environment and are more stable than the terrestrial community. The terrestrial environment have bigger fluctuations in temperature and light. The terrestrial organisms are exposed to desiccation where aquatic organisms are seldom exposed. Most terrestrial environment there is hardly ever a shortage of light, but it can be limited in aquatic habitats. Terrestrial animals are influence by gravity, while water supports aquatic organisms.

 

 

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McGinely,M. has 1 articles online
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Stratification of both Aquatic and Terrestrial Communities

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Stratification of both Aquatic and Terrestrial Communities

This article was published on 2011/05/24